European deconfinement in uncertainty

The coronavirus forced on Saturday Russia to celebrate without pomp the 75 years of the Nazi defeat, at the moment when an increasing number of countries are trying to get out of the containment and revive economies brought to a halt by the pandemic which made more than 274 000 dead.

After the Champs-Élysées on Friday, the Red Square in turn remained empty of military parade on Saturday. And it was a lonely President Vladimir Putin who laid a wreath at the grave of the Unknown Soldier. Only aerial demonstrations were organized.

Spared for a long time, Russia records some 10 000 new patients from COVID – 19 daily and in turn had to strengthen its measures to prevent the spread of the global pandemic from China end 2019.

Asphyxiated economically, more and more countries are trying to revive activity after weeks of confinement.

Although the pandemic is not contained, Pakistan, the fifth most populous country in the world, eased its restrictions by reopening its markets on Saturday, where thousands of customers have rushed.

Prime Minister Imran Khan has recognized this himself: this initiative responds first to a social emergency. “We are doing this because the people of our country are in a very difficult situation,” he said.

“There will not be much to confine, after all, if the economy is found completely on the ground,” added the Pakistani daily Daily Times .

” Fear in the belly “

In China, a directive authorized the reopening, under conditions, of all public places: shopping centers, restaurants, cinemas, sports facilities, tourist sites, libraries.

Continent most affected with more than 153 000 dead, Europe is also accelerating its deconfinement. The World Health Organization (WHO) however calls for the greatest caution, pointing out the risk of a second epidemic wave.

In Germany, where containment is already well underway, the Bundesliga is about to resume and restaurants reopen their doors this Saturday in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, on the shore of the Baltic.

Italy, France, Belgium and even Greece are also preparing to live their last confined weekend.

Half of Spain enters the first phase of progressive deconfinement on Monday. The terraces of the bars and restaurants can reopen and accommodate tables of ten people maximum.

But cities like Madrid and Barcelona, ​​the most affected, or Valencia and Malaga, on the Mediterranean coast, remain excluded from the new regime.

In France, “life from 11 may not be life before”, warned the Prime Minister Édouard Philippe.

In this country where more than 26 000 dead have been counted, the planned reopening of schools turns into a puzzle and causes anxiety for parents. The resumption of activity in shops also carries its share of questions.

“Since the announcement of our probable reopening, I have fear in my stomach. Sacred responsibility to have to protect my team and my clients, “says Maya Flandin, director of a bookstore in Lyon (east).

Las Vegas stopped

In the United Kingdom, Prime Minister Boris Johnson, himself a survivor of COVID – 19, must speak on Sunday possible relaxation of the containment. The country is the second most bereaved in the world (more than 31 000 dead).

“We are not out of the woods,” warned Environment Minister George Eustice. Referring to the end of the Second World War 47 years ago, Queen Elisabeth II urged her subjects to remain combative. “Never give up, never lose hope,” she said.

Most affected country with more than 77 000 death, the United States saw its unemployment rate approach 15% in April, unheard of in years 1930.

Several federal states have started to ease the restrictions. Conversely, in Nevada, the people of Las Vegas are getting used to living in a city that is completely stationary. Many have lost their jobs. But some are reinvesting the Strip, usually the busiest artery.

Usually, “I never come to the Strip,” says Mike Evans, an aged 47 car dealer who now walks there. by bike.

Closed borders

Despite the global health and economic crisis, the powers remain divided.

After weeks of negotiations, the United States opposed Friday a draft resolution of the United Nations calling for a “cessation of hostilities” around the world to facilitate in particular aid to the most affected populations.

In addition, Washington regularly accuses Beijing of having concealed the danger of the coronavirus and claims that it comes from a sensitive laboratory in Wuhan, the city where the pandemic started.

China claims to have been completely transparent with WHO. His deputy health minister Li Bin admitted on Saturday that the pandemic has revealed “gaps” in his health and prevention system.

Within the European Union, the 27 heads of state and government on Saturday advocated solidarity to come out “stronger” of the event, in a video posted on Twitter. But they are still struggling to agree on a common response to the crisis.

Despite the easing, the time remains for the borders to be closed. The European Commission has called on EU countries to refuse arrivals until 15 June. Inside the Schengen area, however, pressure is mounting on Germany to reopen its borders.

Restrictions make it difficult for migrants from sub-Saharan Africa, who are not dissuaded by the pandemic from embarking on a perilous journey across the desert in the hope of reaching the shores of the Mediterranean.

“Before we could go“ a little bit ”, but because of anti-coronavirus measures, the road is completely blocked. The soldiers rake along the border day and night. On the other hand, too, the Libyans have become very vigilant, “said ex-smuggler Idrissa Salifou, in Niger.